Role of Pediatric Dentistry: Little Teeth, Big Care

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Assuming you have landed on this blog, it’s likely that you have a child and are seeking more information on the role of pediatric dentistry to ensure the best possible care for your little one. Congratulations on taking the initiative to educate yourself on this important matter. In the following paragraphs, I will provide you with a detailed breakdown of what pediatric dentistry entails, and more importantly, what it doesn’t.

Role of Pediatric Dentistry that specializes in caring for children, ranging from infancy up to around 12 to 14 years of age, is known as pediatric dentistry. This area of dentistry addresses a wide range of issues related to dental health in children, including misaligned teeth, dental phobia, early-stage cavities, urgent dental problems, and proper growth and development of the jawbones. When it comes to receiving treatment in a clinic, pediatric dentistry encompasses a variety of procedures.

1. Treatment to treat fear and anxiety at the dentist

Role of Pediatric Dentistry, Explore the vital role of pediatric dentistry for children's dental health

My primary suggestion for improving this aspect of your child’s dental health is to start taking them to the dentist at a very early age. By doing so, you can prevent the development of any cavities or detrimental habits from the get-go, making any required treatments more affordable and less stressful. Another crucial factor to consider is that the younger your child is when they begin attending dental appointments, the more comfortable and familiar they will become with the dentist who will be treating them. This familiarity can help ease their fears and anxieties, allowing them to associate dental visits with fun activities and laughter, rather than pain and dread.

In the event that your child is older and has not yet had the opportunity to become accustomed to dental treatments, it’s important to note that pediatric dentists are uniquely trained to provide the utmost care and consideration for their young patients. These specialists take great care to prepare and explain each step of the treatment process, and if necessary, they can employ sedation techniques to make the experience less stressful. In instances where a more complex or painful procedure is required, or for patients with special conditions, general anesthesia may be used to complete all necessary work in a single appointment.

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2. Role of Pediatric Dentistry: Periodic preventive treatment

One of the most beneficial treatments in pediatric dentistry involves addressing the numerous changes that occur in a child’s teeth during early and later childhood. This process includes important lessons for parents on how to properly brush their child’s teeth, select appropriate dental hygiene products, and utilize dental floss effectively. Additionally, regular dental cleanings every four to six months, coupled with fluoride application, are crucial for preventing cavities and maintaining optimal oral health.

The implementation of preventive treatments is essential to ensure that young children receive calm and gentle dental care while also providing significant financial savings for parents. By addressing potential dental issues early on, parents can avoid costly treatments in the future. This type of preventive care typically includes several components, such as thorough dental cleaning with prophylaxis paste, a comprehensive evaluation of the teeth to assess their proper alignment, education for parents on proper oral hygiene practices, and the application of fluoride gel or varnish to help prevent the onset of cavities.

3. Treatment to correct bone and teeth coming out of place

Pediatric dentistry offers a range of benefits beyond preventing cavities and other dental problems. By addressing potential issues early on, it can also help prevent more complex treatments such as maxillofacial surgeries in the future. To achieve this, a pediatric dentist will first conduct a thorough analysis of a child’s condition, often utilizing x-rays to observe the state of the teeth, as well as those that have yet to emerge. Additionally, head x-rays can provide insight into how the bones of the jaw will grow, and whether or not certain appliances may be necessary. Through the use of x-rays and even carpograms, which evaluate the growth rate of bones in the fingers, dentists can accurately predict when a child will reach their maximum growth potential, allowing them to provide effective treatment within the appropriate timeframe. This approach not only saves parents money, but it also helps children avoid the need for more complex and potentially painful treatments in the future.

4. Role of Pediatric Dentistry: Treatment for permanent teeth

aparatologia para niños. Explore the vital role of pediatric dentistry for children's dental health, from infancy to adolescence

In addition to providing preventive care for milk teeth, pediatric dentists also treat permanent teeth by providing caries treatment and appliance treatments, including “braces.” These treatments aim to improve or eliminate various dental problems, such as deep bites, open bites caused by finger-sucking or prolonged sucking habits, delayed teeth eruption, tongue braces that affect speech, or lip braces that cause teeth separation. With the help of advanced diagnostic tools and techniques, pediatric dentists can diagnose these issues early on and provide effective treatment to ensure the healthy development of your child’s teeth and gums.

5. Role of Pediatric Dentistry: Emergency treatments

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In addition to preventive and restorative treatments, the pediatric dentist is also responsible for handling emergency situations that may arise in children’s mouths. These emergencies can range from completely knocked-out teeth, minor or severe tooth fractures, cuts on the lips, and sudden toothaches. One common scenario is when a child’s tooth is knocked out completely, a condition known as avulsion, which is often caused by falls during play or sports activities. In such cases, the dentist first evaluates whether the tooth can be repositioned back into the mouth, and if so, it is reinserted and monitored for proper healing and reattachment to the surrounding tissues.

In pediatric dentistry, one of the most frequent emergencies is teeth displacement due to a fall, which can be remedied by using a wire splint attached to the adjacent teeth, allowing the affected teeth to heal and remain in place. This technique is also commonly used to treat dental emergencies in adults.

6. Treatment from pregnancy

Pregnancy is a crucial period that requires proper care and attention to ensure the health and well-being of both the mother and the baby. While many moms-to-be focus on regular visits to their gynecologists, preparing for childbirth, taking vitamins, and buying new clothes, they may overlook the importance of dental check-ups during pregnancy. Nausea during the early months can decrease oral hygiene and cause vomiting, which produces acids that can rapidly erode tooth enamel and lead to cavities. Additionally, hormonal changes during pregnancy can cause calcium deficiency, which can affect the development of the baby’s teeth and bones. Many pregnant women also experience bleeding gums due to hormonal changes, which can be a sign of gum disease.

Regular dental check-ups during pregnancy can help prevent these issues and ensure proper oral hygiene. The dentist can evaluate the mother’s oral health, check for any cavities or gum disease, and provide treatment if necessary. They can also provide guidance on proper oral hygiene practices during pregnancy, such as brushing and flossing regularly, using fluoride toothpaste, and avoiding sugary or acidic foods and drinks. By prioritizing dental health during pregnancy, mothers can help ensure their own well-being and the healthy development of their baby’s teeth and gums.

The severity of this matter lies in the fact that if left untreated, cavities can progress and cause nerve problems that are challenging to manage due to restrictions on taking dental X-rays and limited use of antibiotics during pregnancy. Additionally, dental inflammation, gingivitis, and gum problems have been linked to serious issues such as preeclampsia, premature labor, and low birth weight, making it crucial to address oral health during pregnancy.

Having described the range of services provided by a pediatric dentist, it can be said that their work is a combination of love and magic. By instilling healthy habits in children, a pediatric dentist can help them avoid numerous problems in adulthood. Moreover, the changes made by appliances for children not only impact their dental aesthetics, but also have a significant impact on their health and confidence in the future. Ultimately, by investing in your child’s oral health, you are providing them with a valuable gift that will benefit them for life.


Sara Pelaez Monsalve

Aesthetic dentistry with more than 14 years of experience in the field. Founder of Clinica Viena and Viena Kids (clinic focused on pediatric dentistry). Professional focused on patient care, on the application of best practices and high-quality world-class treatments.

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